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10 Types of Hormones You Haven’t Heard About


10 Types of Hormones You Haven’t Heard About

Hormones are responsible for the changes in our body. These chemical messengers can even change our mood, helps in the development and growth of the body, sexual functions, body temperature and much more. Our body consists of a large variety of hormones, but here we will list a few.
Here, we have a list of hormones, which is completely unknown to you.

1. Somatostatin

It regulates the endocrine system. This inhibitory hormone prevents the release of hormones such as growth hormone from the anterior pituitary. It reduces smooth muscle contractions and blood flow in the intestine.

2. Luteinizing hormone (LH)

ghiandola pituitaria
This hormone is generated by the gonadotropic cell in the anterior pituitary gland. The rise in this hormone will increase ovulation in females and the production of testosterone in males.

3. Prolactin (PRL)


This is a protein which enables mammals to produce milk. It plays an important role in metabolism, regulation of immune system and pancreatic development.

4. Cholecystokinin


This is a peptide hormone of the gastrointestinal system which will make the pancreas to release digestive enzymes and also stimulates the release of bile juice from the gall bladder.
It helps in the digestion of fat. It is a hunger suppressant hormone.

5. Cortisol

This steroid hormone is produced in humans by zona fasciculate.
It is responsible for a large amount of physiological functions like regulating the blood pressure and blood glucose and maintains proper functioning of the immune system.

6. Vasopressin (antidiuretic hormone, ADH)


It is a neurohypophysial hormone which functions to retain water content in the body and to constrict the blood vessels.
It helps to maintain the blood pressure.

7. Androgens


It is a steroid hormone which helps in controlling the development and maintenance of the male characteristics.
This consists of the activity of the primary male sex organ and promotes the development of the male characteristics like deepening of voice, growth of beard.

8. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)


This releasing hormone is responsible for the release of follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone from the anterior pituitary.

9. Parathyroid hormone


It is secreted by the parathyroid glands. It helps in the regulation of serum calcium with the effects on kidney, bone and intestine.
It also supports Vitamin D synthesis and regulates serum phosphate.

10. Cortistatin

It is a neuropeptide which causes depression of neuron activities.
It leads to induction of slow wave sleep, reduction in the locomotive activities

Guess, you got some knowledge. Do you any more hormones? Comment in the section.

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