Cometh winter and the North India, particularly Delhi-NCR, becomes a gas chamber. The main reason is the air pollution that occurs every year in October and November just after the Kharif crops’ post-harvest season ends. There are many reasons, including vehicular emissions and construction debris. But one of the important reasons is stubble burning, which occurs mainly in the states of Punjab, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh.
Stubble burning is a common practice used by farmers in India to remove the remains of the previous crop, particularly Paddy. It is common among North Indian farmers because it is cost-effective and quick. Besides, the time gap between Kharif crop harvest and Rabi crop sowing is very low for the farmers.
However, it is not an environment-friendly approach. Stubble burning releases many pollutants into the air that are harmful to health and the environment, such as particulate matter, methane, carbon monoxide, etc.
Both the Central and the State governments have used several approaches to tackle the issue of stubble burning. The one approach that has stood out is the use of innovative farm implements to address the issue of stubble burning or parali burning as they call it locally.
Top 5 Farm Implements to Tackle Stubble Burning
The top 5 implements to tackle stubble burning in India are Happy Seeder, Super Seeder, Zero Till, Mulcher and Shredder.
- It facilitates the direct sowing of seeds into the field without the need for prior burning of crop residues.
- Happy Seeder manage crop residues, particularly after paddy, rice and wheat harvest, by allowing farmers to sow seeds without removing the stubble.
- By eliminating the need for stubble burning, the Happy Seeder reduces air pollution caused by burning crop residues, which releases harmful pollutants into the atmosphere.
- The Happy Seeder promotes agriculture conservation by maintaining the crop residues on the field surface. It helps in improving soil health and moisture retention.
- Super Seeder is an agricultural implement designed to facilitate the direct sowing of seeds without needing prior land preparation, such as ploughing or harrowing.
- It promotes conservation agriculture practices by minimizing soil disturbance. It helps retain soil moisture and reduce soil erosion, contributing to sustainable farming methods.
- It reduces greenhouse gas emissions and fuel consumption by eliminating the need for traditional tillage methods. It also helps in mitigating air and water pollution associated with conventional tillage.
- Super Seeders can save time and resources for farmers by combining several operations into one pass. It reduces labour and fuel costs and allows for timely planting, optimizing crop growth and yield.
- Zero tillage, or zero till is a conservation agricultural practice that minimizes soil disturbance during planting.
- It involves planting seeds directly into the unploughed soil with the residues on the field as a protective cover.
- Zero tillage helps preserve soil structure and moisture, reducing erosion and promoting soil health.
- This method reduces the need for multiple tillage operations, saving time, fuel, and labour costs and contributing to sustainable and efficient farming practices.
- Mulchers are agricultural implements designed to efficiently chop and shred crop residues, such as stubble, into smaller pieces.
- By incorporating mulched residues into the soil, mulchers enhance organic matter content, promoting soil fertility and structure.
- Mulching helps suppress weed growth by creating a protective layer over the soil, reducing sunlight penetration and inhibiting weed germination.
- Mulched residues act as natural mulch, reducing evaporation, conserving soil moisture, and promoting water retention, particularly beneficial in arid or semi-arid agricultural regions.
- Shredders play a crucial role in crop residue management by breaking down leftover plant material, such as stubble, into smaller pieces. It facilitates its incorporation into the soil, promoting faster decomposition and nutrient recycling.
- Shredders contribute to the reduction of stubble-burning incidents. By efficiently processing crop residues, farmers can avoid resorting to the environmentally harmful practice of burning, which releases pollutants into the atmosphere.
- Shredded crop residues act as organic matter, enhancing soil fertility and structure. The shredded material’s decomposition introduces valuable nutrients into the soil, promoting healthier and more productive agricultural land.
- Shredders offer a time-efficient and cost-effective alternative to traditional manual methods of clearing fields. Farmers can save time and resources by mechanizing the process of crop residue management, contributing to overall agricultural efficiency.
How Tractorkarvan Can Contribute to Tackle Stubble Burning?
Combating stubble burning is essential for the sustainability of agriculture and environmental preservation. Tractorkarvan is helping to fight the cause by promoting the adoption of farm mechanization solutions to address this concern. Here, you can find indepth details on the top 5 mechnization solutions
Tractorkarvan is a leading platform trusted by Indian farmers to fulfil their farm mechanization dreams. We offer end-to-end assistance to them to explore, buy, sell, and finance their used tractor. In an era where Tractors are still not accessible to all, Tractorkarvan makes their second-hand tractor buying experience smoother & convenient. In addition to this, we also offer a range of farm implements, harvesters, and Tractors to address all their farming-related requirements.